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Events in Strathearn


Major Events in Scotland
- 5000BC
First people in Scotland are hunter gatherers along the coasts. Inland the country is dense forest
- 4000BC First farmers begin to clear forests, grow cereals and keep animals


Burial mounds, standing stones & circles


Copper and bronze are being used
- 1000BC First Celts, the Caledonians arrive with their iron technology
- 400BC~ Brochs and Duns - defensive stone 'castles' built
- 84AD Battle at Mons Grampius possibly in Strathearn with Romans
- 117~
Ninth Legion destroyed in Galloway
- 122
Work begins on Hadrian's Wall across Northumbria
- 140s
Romans return to Strathearn
- 142~
Antonine Wall built Clyde to Forth
- 209
3rd Roman occupation under Severus
- 211
Severus pulls out. Dies on way south at York. Romans don't return in force
- 300~
Ossian, the legendary Celtic bard
- 430
St Ninian, a Briton brings Christianity to S Scotland
- 520
St. Fillan come from Ireland & begins to convert the Picts to Christianity
- 6thC
Scots, Celts from Ireland arrive in West
- 683
Scots fight Picts Dundurn nr St. Fillans
- 563
Iona founded by Columba
- 8thC
Fowlis Wester church to St Bean (grandson of the King of Leinster) who preached there
- 700~
Celtic Church is replaced by Roman

780 to


Norwegian settlement of Shetland, Orkney and Caithness
- 9thC
Muthill is mentioned as a house of the "servants of God"
- 843
The Scots king Kenneth obtains the Pictish throne
- 860 Kenneth dies in battle in Strathearn
- 1034
Scotland unites under Duncan I
- 1040
Macbeth replaces Duncan & rules until 1057
- 12thC
Muthill Church built
- 1130~
David I (1124-53) establishes Anglo Norman families and a fuedal system
- 1218
Crieff is granted its Charter
- 1227
Alexander II grants canons of Inchaffray rights over Auchterarder
- 1263
Alexander III defeats Haco of Norway at Largs. Hebrides and I. of Man ceded to Scotland
- 1268
Comrie first documented

1286 to

'Political crisis' with unclear succession after death of Margaret and imperialist aims of Edward I of England
- 1296
Edward I of England spends a night in Auchterarder Castle during his invasion

- 1296
In Edward of England steals 'a stone' from Scone
- 1296
Blackford, William Wallace defeats English crossing Allan Water
- 1297
William Wallace's greatest hour, the battle of Stirling Bridge
- 1306
Roberts I (the Bruce) crowned king
- 1314
Robert I has a particularly good day at Bannockburn
- 1320
Declaration of Arbroath, confirmation of Scottish Statehood in a letter to the Pope
- 1328
Robert I grants Auchterarder to Montifex family


- 1332
Battle of Dupplin. 13000 said to have been killed.
- 1410
First University founded at St Andrews
- 1444
Mill in Crieff documented
- 15thC
Scotland becomes a significant trading nation with Netherlands and the Baltic states
- 1445
Sir David Murray founds Collegiate Church at Tullibardine
- 1491
Drummond Castle, founded by Sir John Drummond under license from James IV.
- 16thC
More and more Scots adopting Protestant Calvinist views
- 1508
Sir John Drummond founds Collegiate Church at Innerpeffray
- 1511
Murrays killed in Monzievaird Church as Drummonds & Campbells burn building
- 1513
Disasterous battle of Flodden in which James IV dies against Henry VIII of England
- 1559
Mary of Guise (Regent) negotiates Treaty of Perth from Auchterarder. (State recognition of Protestantism)
- 1561
Catholic Mary I (M Q of Scots) returns from France and begins power struggle with Protestant nobles. Catholic mass is illegal in Scotland except in Mary's private quarters
- 1584
Markets banned to stem spread of the plague
- 1568
Mary I flees to England
- 1598 A John Drummond killed while hunting for Royal feast. McGregor persecution results
- 1603 James VI inherits England
- 1634 Monzie Castle, a Campbell stronghold
- 1642
Civil war within England. Scotland has no obligation to become involved in the war.
- 1644
Scotland enters English war on Parliament side in return for Presbyterian Protestant system in England
- 1644
Marquis of Montrose destroys Covenanter force at Tippermore


Marquis of Montrose begins vicious & unsupported Royalist campaign in Scotland
- 1650
Invasion and occupation by Cromwell
- 1660
Charles II restored and threatens Presbyterian Church causing a series of religious wars
- 1685
James VII crowned but seen as threatening Protestantism further
- 1688
Crown offered to Willian IV (of Orange) and Mary.
- 1692
Massacre of Glencoe on William's orders to 'make and example'
- 1691
David Drummond establishes Innerpeffray Library


Darien Venture to colonise Panama as trading base. Spanish claim territory and William IV prevents English Carribean help being given. Scotland bankrupt encouraging Union with England.
- 1700~ River Earn at Crieff is bridged
- 1707
Scottish & English parliaments and economies unite
- 1716
Jacobites burn towns of Lowland Strathearn after Battle of Sheriffmuir
- 1715
Jacobite Highland uprising to restore James VII
- 1720s
Main industry of Auchterarder is hand-loom weaving of linen.
- 1728
1st basic bridge the River Earn at Comrie
- 1730~
Road driven from Tummel Bridge down to Crieff
- 1731
Duke of Perth lays out Crieff's James Square & establishs textile industry with flax factory
Military road laid from Stirling to Crieff
- 1744
First golf club formed in Edinburgh.
- 1745
Drummond Castle demolished to prevent occupation by Hanoverian troops.
- 1745
Jacobite uprising with Prince Charles Edward Stuart
- 1746
Prince Charles Edward Stuart holds his last war council in the Drummond Arms, Crieff
- 1746
Battle of Culloden the beginning of decades of Highland suppression
- 1746+
Commissioners in charge of Crieff developed tanning and bleaching industries
- 1748
Crieff had 5 breweries
- 1763
Paper making factory opened
- 1770
Work begins to make Glasgow reachable from sea. Eventually becoming 2nd city of British Empire
- 1760s
Stone bridge over Earn at Comrie
- 1775
Glenturret Distillery opened.
- 1786
'Model' textile complex and industrial community at New Lanark
- 1787
Robert Burns visits Crieff
- 1792
Ross Bridge at Comrie was built
- 1799
Bridge over Lednock at Comrie


Glen Lednock has over 200 families among 20 small communities


The Scottish Highlands change dramatically in the Clearances. Huge flocks of sheep replace most of the population and their way of live
- 1818
Over 200 people from W. Strathearn leave Greenock on one boat for the New World
- 1812
Comet, the first steam ship launched on the Clyde
- 1829
60 families leave for Upper Canada to area which includes Carlton Place


Gaelic was the language of Highland Strathearn but with The Clearances it quickly ceases to be a first language
- 1834
Members of the Church in Auchterarder begin what was to lead to a split in the Protestant Church of Scotland
- 1838
Barns at Castleton, Auchterarder were convert into weaving factory
- 1842
Crieff gets mains gas
- 1842
Glasgow / Edinburgh railway opens
- 1843 Massive 'walk out' and Free Church of Scotland forms
- 1856
Railway arrives in Crieff
- 1868
Hydropathic Hotel opens in Crieff. Tourism begins
- 1872
Crieff gets mains water
- 1873
Power looms introduced in Aucherarder factories
- 1879
Tay Rail Bridge collapses with a train, 150 die

- 1887
Scottish Office, Scotland's 'government' opens
- 1890 Forth Rail Bridge opens
Crieff has become a fashionable holiday resort

1914 to

100's of local young men and women were killed.

1914 to

The Great War - death and maiming of a whole generation.
- 1919
Tanks used to suppress Red Clydeside riots
- 1920s
Strathearn faired better than some areas with it's backbone of agriculture.
- 1920s
The Great Depression follows a short boom
- 1922 Crieff Electric Supply Company begins generating giving electric lighting
- 1929
Scottish Protestant Churchs eventually join again

1939 to

Evacuees move to the safety of Strathearn. More local people lose their lives in a World War

1939 to

Second World War
- 1950s
Last cattle markets in Crieff
- 1949
2.5M Scots sign Covenant supporting Home Rule
- 1951
End of passenger trains from Perth, through Crieff and Comrie to Lochearnhead
- 1964
Rail line to Crieff closes completely
- 1964
Forth Road Bridge opens
- 1974
Scottish National Party win 11 seats in UK parliament
- 1975 Scotland becomes a oil producing country
- 1980s
Health clinic and supermarket on the site of Crieff railway
- 1998
Public swimming pool and sports centre opens in Crieff
- 1998
Scots vote overwhelmingly for own parliament
- 2000 Tourism and related service industries are main source of income and jobs in Strathearn
- ? Where to next?

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